Scheduled, non emergency occurrence
where Amateur Radio support is supplied for non-profit/ public-service
organizations, or for the training of operators.
(a.k.a.) Communications Emergency
- Any planned or unplanned occurrence or event, regardless of cause, which
requires action by emergency service personnel to prevent or minimize loss
of life or damage to property and/or natural resources.
A Communications Network (Net) is
established to handle the information flow (traffic) for an event or incident
when there are three or more stations involved or when the volume of traffic
is sufficient that it cannot be handled on a first-come first-served basis.
Net will be established to open all incidents. A Net will be opened
for events as soon as there are three or more operators and may be opened
Net Control Station (NCS)
NCS is the person charged with controlling
the information flow during a net. The NCS has authority over all traffic
handled by the Net and determines the order in which other stations use
the frequency and when they pass their traffic. The NCS is not in charge
of the event or incident, only the information flow during the net.
A set of notes or a formal document
created as a guideline to aid the NCS in conducting regularly scheduled
A name assigned to a specific station
in a net that describes the function, location or assignment of that station.
It allows anyone to call the station by its tactical call rather than the
IC issued call of the operator and thus minimizes confusion at shift changes
or when operators take a break from their duties.
What do I do?
|There are three types of nets that
you may be asked to run. First is the regular weekly net held by your ARES
district. This is the easiest one for you to learn to be NCS at because
you have a script to follow. On that subject, remember, the script is a
guideline of the material to be covered in the weekly net and may be altered
for any good reason. The purpose of the script is to make it easier to
keep track of where you are in the net and help you not forget any of the
regular items covered in those weekly nets.
SUGGESTION: Have more that
one copy of the script so you can mark it up as you go. That simplifies
keeping track of where you are in the net. It also makes it easier to maintain
the essential - LOG - of who checked in and who had traffic.
The second type of net is the Public
Service event nets. These are seldom, if ever, scripted and as such it
is far better for you to have run many weekly nets (ten to thirty - depending
on the individual) before attempting one of these. They range from very
simple with a length of one or two hours, to extremely complex, running
several hours to multiple days. Logs of the net activity are very important
to smooth operation of this type of net.
The third type of net is the incident
or emergency net. These range from complex to very complex and tend to
be much more fast paced than they should be (SLOW DOWN - you pass more
traffic faster that way). It is recommended that you have run many event
nets, if at all possible, before attempting and incident net. Maintaining
accurate logs for these nets is critical to effective net operation.
The weekly net or very simple event
net are the only nets that can be run effectively by one person. All others
require at least two people at NCS to run efficiently - one person to talk
and one to log. In long term or very complex nets, a third operator is
strongly recommended. This third person can handle messages, runner tasks,
and relieve the other two operators at regular intervals so all can operate
at higher efficiency.
To begin a scheduled weekly net
To begin a scheduled event net
you will need:
Get a copy of the Net Script if one
READ IT before you start.
Check with your net manager or EC to
find out when (time) and where (frequency) the net is to be run.
Start the net on time. Remember, there
will likely be many people waiting for the net. Don't waste their time
by being late.
Be as concise as possible as you conduct
SMILE - your ability to be friendly
helps these nets run more smoothly.
To begin an incident net you
A copy of the roster of participants
A map or description of where the stations
will be located.
The time and frequency you will start
A description of what we are to accomplish.
You will then:
Open the net with a description of the
event and how long it is anticipated to run.
Call for check-ins and issue Tactical
Calls based on the operators function or location.
Be as concise as possible as you conduct
Keep good logs!
Two important items:
Get a description of the incident and
what support is needed.
Find out from your EC or AEC where and
when the net is to be run
Find out what resources are needed to
support the incident. Remember, you will probably be the staffing net for
the first period of time for this incident.
Open the net with a description of the
incident and a statement of what help is needed.
Be as concise as possible as you conduct
Keep detailed logs!
Follow your EC's instructions.
If NCS cannot be heard by all stations
on a given repeater system -- and there are qualified NCS operators
who can be heard by all -- NCS duty should immediately be turned
over to the station that can be heard.
For all nets - Do your best to remain
as calm and relaxed as possible, give it an honest try and ask for help
if you need it. Nothing more will ever be asked of you. One last hint -
ask for a mentor for your first few nets of each type. This helps you learn
faster and insures someone can help you pick things up, should you fumble
|The following is a list of questions
an NCS operator needs to ask of themselves BEFORE starting a net. If you
cannot answer at least two thirds of the questions in the affirmative,
you should seriously consider having some one else run the net. Exceptions
to these are daily or weekly scheduled nets and those should still consider
many of the items.
1) Is the NCS location
away from the Command Post?
The noise and commotion at CP degrades
your ability to run a good net and the noise you generate only adds to
the confusion there.
2) Do you have the best
performing antenna for the conditions?
A "rubber duck" is not adequate
unless you can see the repeater antenna. That does not mean see the mountain
the repeater is on, it means see the antenna. For HF, polarization
of your antennas WILL affect your signal to others.
3) If you are running from
battery: Do you have at least enough charge on the battery to run more
than one hour?
You should have a battery with 90+%
charge but if you are the only choice for NCS then make sure you can run
the net long enough to have some one else get ready.
4) Are you using a headset
with noise canceling microphone?
Even from home the background noise
will affect how well you can hear and be heard.
5) Do you have pencil/pen
and paper sufficient to run the net for a full shift?
You will NOT be able to remember
enough about the traffic to be effective unless you write it down.
6) For VHF/UHF: Do you
know the characteristics of the repeater system you are on?
Your effectiveness as NCS will be
adversely affected if you do not.
7) Do you have a runner, liaison
or logging person to support you?
For large scale events all three
are required. You cannot handle the net and run messages.
8) Do you have a designated relief
Everyone gets tired and NCS must
be the most alert operator on the net.
Attributes of a good
Good communications skills and fluent
command of our language
Good voice quality
Good hearing capabilities
Good listening capabilities
Good ear-to-hand copying skills
Understands what SERVICE means
Has knowledge of the Incident Command
Willing to take and carry out direct
Is a strong team player
Is Self-assured but not overbearing
Decisive, with the maturity to make
good judgment calls
Physically able to tolerate high stress
for extended periods
Constant concern for the safety of participants
Sense of humor
Ability to absorb new terminologies
Decent (readable) penmanship
Generally neat of appearance
Consistently demonstrates above average
Knowledge of band characteristics
Learning to be NCS
|Many of the skills used in contesting
are applicable to NCS. Both activities involve coordinating several stations
on the same frequency at the same time. The contester running a pile-up
will try to contact as many stations as possible in the least amount of
time. A busy NCS will attempt to move as much traffic as possible in the
least amount of time. NCS techniques include:
Have the best performing antenna for
conditions. A "rubber duck" is not adequate unless you can see the repeater
antenna. That does not mean see the mountain the repeater is on, it means
see the antenna. For HF, polarization of your antennas WILL affect your
signal to others.
Plan what you are about to say as if
you will be quoted. PTT does not mean Push Then Think.
When asking for reports or soliciting
Take down as many calls as you can identify
before you acknowledge anyone!
A good log is critical to an efficient
operation. Create / use a good log! A few calls scribbled on a sheet
of paper, in no real order, becomes useless in a few seconds. Make sure
your log includes:
1)Time of the entry
2)Call / Tactical call
3)Summary of what was said or
requested. Be sure not to kill yourself with excessive details. The log
is an overview of who did what, where and when.
Slow Down! Wait three or four
seconds before you answer any call. This assures any emergency or priority
traffic has access to the net without requiring the largest signal.
Acknowledge all stations that you heard,
then yield the frequency to a single station. When that station is finished,
hand the frequency to the next station on the priority list, without soliciting
more traffic. Follow this pattern until you've completed your list, then
repeat. The exception to this is in handling routine traffic during
an emergency. With routine traffic during an incident net, break between
messages to solicit any emergency/priority traffic and handle that first.
The net-name/function and the NCS callsign,
should be announced several times at the beginning of the net and every
eight to ten minutes during the net. Many NCS' use the repeater IDer to
track the time to identify.
When acknowledging checkins, list the
callsigns as letters (not phonetically). The purpose of this acknowledgment
is to confirm to each checkin that his/her call was heard. Phonetics used
on all acknowledgments simply slows the net. NOTE: Phonetics are an excellent
way to clarify questions about the call received (was that a B or a D,
etc.). Reciting all of the check in information (beyond the call) simply
DO NOT make editorial comments
about the traffic or information being passed unless it will speed or enhance
the information flow! Chattiness, especially early in the net,
degrades the effectiveness of the net.
For scheduled nets, NCS' goal should
be to run the script top to bottom and handle all of the listed traffic,
business/comments as quickly as possible, without rushing. If you
are concerned that this makes the net "too cold" you could schedule a "chat
session" at the end of the net or just after the net closes.
If someone tunes up on the net frequency
during the net (SSB, CW, etc.), remind them ONE TIME that this constitutes
harmful interference and should be done off the net frequency. Repeating
this notification will only serve to encourage those attempting to interfere
with the net. Some HF nets even schedule one minute for tune-ups.
When there is a double, try to get something
unique from one or more of the stations. Then call for clarification from
those stations ONLY. The alternative approach is to acknowledge the check-ins
you could understand and then call for checkins that tried in the last
round but were not acknowledged.
If your net is passing NTS traffic,
remind participants to read the variable information in order without
the redundant field identifiers such as: "Check", "phone figures", etc.
Most participants will catch on quickly
the pattern. If they do not, take the time to explain. Things get done
much faster if everyone uses the same techniques.
Be as concise as possible. Use
the fewest words that will completely say what you mean. This will minimize
the need for the repeating of instructions.
Take frequent breaks. While you may
not recognize the stress that being an NCS produces, it will become evident
in your voice. If you are asking yourself when your last break was, you
know it is time for one. Turn over the net to your backup at least every
two hours and REST. Do not listen to the net. Rest. Then, when rested,
listen to the net for a few minutes before resuming your station.
Speak in first person. It is
"recognizing ve3xxx" or "roger ve3xxx" NOT "NCS would like
to recognize ve3xxx" or worse yet "Net recognizes ve3xxx". This is important
because it shows a subconscious acceptance of leadership. The person
"bought into" running the net. They subtly reinforce the NCS' authority
by telling everyone they accept full responsibility for operating the net.
Control the tone of your voice. Be as
calm as possible. Tension tends to make our voices raise in pitch and this
change will be picked up by the net. Use a calm tone and members
of the net will tend to remain calm.
The ability to remain cool, calm and
collected will buy you more than anything else. There is no doubt that
being an NCS is a high pressure assignment and it is easy to become frustrated
or angry. If you have a frustrating problem, ask for help from other members
of the net. Knowing when to delegate is the mark of a good leader.
|In many ways the job of NCS can
be equated to that of a traffic cop for the frequency. You control the
flow of information. This analogy carries over to the duties of enforcing
net discipline. You can reasonably expect net members to:
1) Report to the
NCS promptly as they become available.
However, you must remember you
are dealing with volunteers that have a vast range of knowledge and experience.
This means you cannot order their compliance, only ask for their cooperation.
It is better to lead by example and produces much better results. Probably
the best way to enlist the cooperation of the net is to explain what you
are doing in a calm and straight-forward manner. This may involve supplying
a small amount of real-time training. The one thing you never do
is dress down someone over the air.
2) Ask clearance from NCS
before using the frequency.
3) Answer PROMPTLY when called
4) Use tactical call signs.
5) Follow established net
One way of classifying a net is the
level of net discipline used, or the "style" of the net. The two acknowledged
During an open net most any type
of traffic or communication is permitted. Conversations (rag-chews) are
permitted provided they break every so often to allow incident related
traffic to flow.
A Directed Net is created when there
are a large number of stations needing to use the frequency or the volume
of traffic cannot be dealt with on a first-come first-served basis. The
NCS will determine who uses the frequency and what traffic will be passed
first. Casual conversation is discouraged and tactical call signs
will be used as applicable.
Like anything else, being a good
NCS requires practice. Contact your local EC or Net Manager for opportunities
in your area!
NCS Hints and Kinks
|If it is a scheduled net, start
on time! Use a script when/where possible. If you have time, make notes
to yourself to help with the information in the script - before you start
the net, create/use a good log! A few calls scribbled on a sheet of paper,
in no real order, becomes useless in a few seconds. Make sure your log
1) Time of the entry
2) Call / Tactical call
3) Summary of what was said
Be sure not to kill yourself with
excessive details. A good log is critical.
Be friendly yet in control - speak
slowly and clearly with an even tone, not a monotone. Sound confident,
even if you are not. Above all, don't worry. Just give it an honest try.
Ask SPECIFIC questions, give SPECIFIC
instructions! You can make it much harder on yourself with nebulous questions
Slow Down! While it may seem
counter-intuitive, you will actually handle more traffic in less time when
you wait three or four seconds before answering any call.
DO NOT make editorial comments
about the traffic or information being passed unless it will speed or enhance
the information flow! An ARES or NTS net is not about your opinion,
it is about efficient information flow.
Read your owner's manual and understand
how to use your microphone. The worst sounding NCS is one that cannot be
heard or sounds like a train huffing and puffing into the microphone as
they speak. Articulate, don't slur. Speak close to your mike, but talk
across it, NOT into it.
When there is a double, try to get
something unique from one or more of the stations. Then call for clarification
from those stations ONLY. During check-ins, recognize participants by name
whenever possible. Acknowledge checkins and ALL messages.
Be sure to frequently identify the
purpose of the net (let people know what they are checking in to!) and
advise all listeners of the subaudable frequency required if applicable.
Ask for assistance if/when you need
it. If this is not a weekly net, delegate responsibilities. You cannot
do it all.
Maps are VERY helpful in events or
If this is an emergency net, remind
listeners to listen and tell them where the staffing net is. Someone checking
in to say they are listening only slows the net.
Don't be afraid to say "OOPS" if
you get flustered and mumble a bit. Pause, take a deep breath, and go back
at it. If you make a mistake, remember this is not Brain Surgery. Do your
best to CALMLY recover. Nothing more will ever be asked of anyone.
DON'T THINK ON THE AIR! If you need
a moment to consider what is needed next, say something like "Stand by"
and unkey your mic. Keep transmissions as short as possible. Resist the
tendency to ragchew or ramble.
Transmit only facts! If there is
need to make an educated guess or speculate, make sure it is VERY clear
that it is speculation. First choice is to not speculate at all.
Avoid becoming the source for general
information about the event. If it is an emergency, refer incident status
questions to the served agency Public Information Officer (PIO).
When necessary, use standard ITU
phonetics. There is no such thing as "common spelling". Send all numbers
as individual numbers, e.g., 334 is three three four not three hundred
Speak in first person. It
is "recognizing VE3ZZZ" or "roger VE3ZZZ" NOT "NCS would
like to recognize VE3ZZZ" or worse yet "Net recognizes VE3ZZZ". This is
important because it shows a subconscious acceptance of leadership.
The person "bought into" running the net. They subtly reinforce the NCS'
authority by telling everyone they accept full responsibility for operating
For voice nets, use plain English.
"Q" signals are for CW.
If the net has been quiet for more
than ten minutes, check on operator status. This keeps the net running
more smoothly and insures you know about equipment failures as soon as
|A somewhat thread bare saying that
is very true, tells us a lot about contingency planning. "Those who fail
to plan, plan to fail". Or as Murphy put it - "Anything that can go wrong,
will. Anything that can't go wrong, still will". How does this relate to
Emergency Communications? Simple. As you begin your planning for emergency
operation, be sure you have redundancy of equipment and back up people
available when ever possible.
As NCS it is up to you to plan for
your backup and have backup equipment available for your use. Every emergency
net and the vast majority of event nets require at least one extra person
at the NCS position. Ideally, there will be three people at NCS for any
emergency or major event net. This allows one person to act as NCS, one
person to handle logging and the third to handle liaison with the served
agency and act as runner. The people at NCS will rotate assignments about
Try to obtain more volunteers than
you have positions to fill. Wait! More volunteers than you have need for?
Yes. On average, for every ten volunteers you get, there will be at least
one that will develop equipment problems, or have transportation problems,
or have personal emergencies that develop. If you have only "just enough"
volunteers, you actually are short ten percent for the event.
Having one or two "floaters" who
can act as relief for almost any of your operators WILL help the event
run more smoothly.
In addition, having an extra person to act as - runner - handling message
transportation to/from your served agency will help your group function
more efficiently. The side benefit is that should one of the volunteers
prove to not have sufficient training, they can become the backup on that
job and have a successful training experience during the event.
|During the course of every event
that lasts over two hours (and most of the others) you will have need to
turn over operation of one or more of the locations in the net to a relief
operator. As NCS it is in the best interest of the net and your sanity
to do likewise with the net to another NCS operator at least every hour.
To facilitate this change of operators the new operator will need:
When ever possible, both operators should
handle the location for at least ten minutes to allow smooth transition.
This is sometimes referred to as briefing / debriefing.
List or note of outstanding messages
to/from the location
Log of traffic to/from the location.These
two items may be one log, properly annotated
Status of open queries
Local and remote contacts for the location
(served agency and others as necessary)
Any other information the outgoing operator
|Coverage breaks are, as the name
implies, failures of a station to handle traffic as required during a net.
These will usually take the form of equipment failures, power supply failures
or overly tired operators who fail to pay attention. In ALL cases, prior
agreement of how the coverage breaks are to be handled, should be announced
in the pre event briefing.
The best way to handle NCS coverage
breaks is with a known NCS backup. This person is known to the net and
has a duplicate copy of the operational log for the event and thus is able
to pick up operation of the net in just a few moments. When there is not
sufficient resource to have a backup NCS then the person with the best
NCS skills and most complete staff at their location should take over the
net. This person will start with a call for emergency traffic, handle that,
then go to roll call to establish continuity. After which regular net traffic
will resume. NOTE: As this person takes over the net they will no longer
be available to handle the previous assignment. A relief operator will
need to be dispatched to handle the new NCS' previous assignment!
When a station fails repeatedly
to respond to calls from NCS an assessment must be made of the criticality
of the traffic. If there is critical traffic holding for that station then
a relief operator will need to be dispatched immediately. If the traffic
can be held for several minutes then a re-evaluation should be made at
that time. If the coverage break was from equipment failure and that can
be corrected, then the relief operator may be recalled. If the coverage
break was from being inattentive, the relief operator should take over.
Handling an irate participant
|This is one of the toughest problems
you will face. If handled incorrectly, it can cause net participants to
'take sides' and erode the morale and effectiveness of your net. People
can get their feelings hurt over very little, especially when they are
tired and in unusually stressful circumstances. Your first reactions need
Slow up. Don't respond instantly.
Take a deep breath.
Do a quick review of what you know about
DO THE NEXT THREE STEPS ALL IN ONE STATEMENT.
1) Acknowledge the problem.
Give in to the 'Problem' Whether they are right or wrong! This acknowledges
that there is a problem and that you are recognizing that fact. Once you
agree that there is a problem, the 'fight' is gone.
2) Empathize with them! Whether
you understand or not, tell them that you can understand how they can feel
that way and that, were the situation reversed, you would probably feel
the same way.
3) Ask them to suggest a simple
yet reasonable solution. Listen intently! This is where they will reveal
the real problem. Everything they have said up to now may have been a loud
smokescreen. Somewhere in their suggestion, they will tell you what they
really want from you.
If their suggestion/solution is reasonable,
tell them that you will try to put it into play. If it is not, make a counter-suggestion
that will satisfy the real problem that they have revealed to you.
If the problem cannot be resolved quickly
and reasonably, quietly send someone to replace this individual and relieve
him from his post. If there are no posts involved in the operation, give
up . . . let him win . . . politely explain that the net must continue,
thank the person for his services and tell him he doesn't have to stick
around. You tried to solve the problem reasonably and he refused. He wins
the fight and you win the battle. The rest of the net will respect what
you did and morale will remain intact.
|Most people that interfere with
net operations or with casual conversations are poor, weak individuals
that think the only way to get recognition is to behave improperly. The
best way to handle them is to ignore them. When they can evoke no response,
at all, they tend to leave. Let them leave without comment. If you comment
in any way, these people will persist.
Unfortunately, there are people who
prove there is need for more chlorine at their end of the gene pool. To
overcome the interference from these individuals you will have to plan
for it. Plan by having alternate frequencies announced at the pre-event
briefing. Should the interference become intolerable, move to the alternate
frequency. When you move to another frequency, do so under pre-announced
set of conditions (at the briefing) and without saying anything
on the primary frequency. Another very successful method involves the use
of your local "fox hunters" to track down the offending station. This will
need to be a well coordinated effort that is not announced on the net frequency.
Shortcut to being
a good NCS - Practice, Practice Practice
Be willing to learn.
Accept constructive criticism politely.
Contact your district Emergency Coordinator
Contact the person in charge of your
local traffic net and volunteer.
Contact your local Amateur Radio club
to see if they have a net. If so volunteer.
Look for the group that handles public
service events in your area. Many times this will not be the ARES group,
Work with the best NCS you can find.
This person will be able to show you (if you care to watch) a lot of subtle,
but important techniques.
Work as NCS as often as you can.
|The dictionary tells us - Liaison:
n. a connecting of the parts of a whole, as of military units, in order
to bring about proper coordination of activities. You will most likely
be concerned with:
You are now at the point where you
are accepting management duties. With these duties come the responsibility
of becoming one of the people who MUST be concerned with how well each
of the people in your group interact with others. The easiest way to start
this process is to make VERY brief mental notes to yourself on what person-x
did wrong, or better yet what person-x did that was a great help. People
respond very well to positive feedback and when you are consistent and
with positive feedback you will find your job much easier. Please understand
that if you become known as the local "snitch" people will cease to cooperate
/ interact with you. Thus it is important that you make comment ONLY when
there is noticeable negative impact by person-x and that you are very accurate
in your assessment. You, and the group, will be well served if you can
just take person-x aside and provide them with friendly help to resolve
The second portion of liaison is
with your served agencies. This can be either quite easy (if the people
before you had a good working relationship with the agency) or very difficult
should you have to "re-educate" your served agency on the value of ARES.
When the re-education (or occasionally initial education) of a served agency
is required, it is imperative that you are viewed as a team player that
is there to help when and where they need help. This is easiest
if you keep a few things in mind:
It is up to you how the served agency
will perceive you and your group. When you are friendly, without being
pushy, cooperative and LISTEN to what they say, your group will make progress.
If you go out of your way to be available (but NOT in their face) when
they have training, you can slowly prove the value of your group to your
Every public service agency has daily
contact with people that are very negative.
Police departments and Government agencies
have had negative encounters with people that want to be a Police person
or fire person but do not have "what it takes".
Police and Government agencies are most
comfortable when THEY are in charge.
They may be embarrassed at having to
ask for help.
The key word in dealing with a
served agency is SLOWLY. If you attempt to push, go too quickly (except
in response to their requests) or attempt to tell them how to run their
business, your efforts will fail.
There is a fine line between being
available and being pushy. You will need to be very careful as you approach
this line to insure you do not cross it. With that said, there are many
agencies that appreciate regular contact and it does prove very helpful.
|As you begin to train others on
a regular basis you will need to consider many things that are difficult
to quantify. The reason they are hard to quantify is that each person learns
at a different rate and in one of several different ways. Some of the more
common learning/teaching techniques are:
to the subject.
Examples, used to make a point,
are good. So long as you spend more time with the main material than on
examples (commonly called "war stories").
your speed of presentation.
Highly technical information should
have a slower presentation rate while simpler material can be covered more
quickly. Take extreme care to realize what is simple to some may be quite
complex to others.
The standard "timing" for course
preparation is two hours of preparation time for each hour of presentation
time. This will vary with how many times you have taught the material.
The first time you do a segment you may need three to four hours of prep.
time for each hour of class.
a specific learning goal in mind for each segment.
The most effective presentations
are short, concise and handle one subject.
charts and diagrams as applicable.
Many people find it easier to learn
material when they have "pictures" to help with explanations. The old true-ism
states "a picture is worth a thousand words".
copies of the material for your students.
Handouts give the student a good
place to make notes and insures they will have a place to find those notes
notes to yourself - on your copy - about which examples work best for this
As you teach, you will find specific
examples that work very well in emphasizing a given point. The notes will
help you remember which one(s) work the best and where.
all else, try to have fun while you teach.
It has often been said that you learn
more about a subject when you teach it. That is true and it can be fun.
Students pick up, very quickly,
how relaxed you are. If you are having fun teaching, your students will
probably have fun learning.
NCS Self Evaluation
|ARES operators are frequently called
upon to create "Nets" (short for Communication Networks) with little or
no advance warning. Those are the life blood of our work. To prepare for
these events or incidents we regularly hold training nets that have the
potential for being anything from poorly conducted to very efficient. By
what standard do we measure how good those nets are? Please keep in mind
that everyone needs to have as many of these items correct as possible
but increased experience requires more correct than a new NCS.
Yes items - can you answer yes
to all of these
No items - can you answer no
to all of these
If it was a scheduled net, did I start
the net on time?
Was I prepared?
Did I use my microphone correctly?
No huff and puff from P, B, etc.
No breath sounds
No (or minimal) background noise
Did I allow enough time for net participants
to reply? A consistent four to five second wait is essential.
If on a repeater - Did I listen well
and hear stations without asking for multiple unnecessary repeats?
If on a repeater system - Did I properly
utilize the unique properties of the repeater system?
If on HF - Did I ask for relays as appropriate?
Did I handle acknowledgments correctly?
Not repeating phonetics
Not repeating checkin information beyond
the call and those with traffic
Not missing multiple checkins
Did I speak in first person during acknowledgments?
("Net would like to recognize ...." is not first person)
Did I handle "doubles" properly?
Did I ask specific questions?
Did I give specific instructions?
Did I over identify?
Was I overly talkative?
Did I mumble or fumble through more
than one item?
Did I seem in a hurry?
Did I make editorial comment on more
than one item?
Did I seem to be under stress?
Did I seem to "get lost" and have to
think on the air (dead air time)?
Was this a script problem?
Source material Kentucky Amateur Radio
Overall: Were you comfortable
with the net? If not, what specific items would improve the net?